I recently began teaching two new “methods” classes for preservice educators after a teacher-education hiatus of about a decade. While creating my syllabi, I decided to express some of the principles that I believe should guide excellent teaching. Here is that list of guiding principles.
Teaching is not just a job. We are not linoleum salespeople. Our actions affect the lives of children and ultimately the fate of society. It would be great to see some fire in your belly.
Teaching is an art and a science
Good teachers possess all of the following characteristics:
- · Content and skill expertise
- · Pedagogical technique
- · Imagination
- · Curiosity
- · Empathy
- · Historical perspective
- · Experience
- · Continuous growth
- · Honesty
- · Thoughtfulness
- · Collegiality
- · Flexibility
- · Humility
- · Humor
- · Joy
- · Reflective ability
- · Capacity for self-correction
Knowledge is the consequence of experience
We learn by doing. Active enthusiastic participation and a willingness to take risks are key. We read because it is pleasurable or informative, not because it is assigned. We seek access to expertise. We go to lectures, conferences, workshops, concerts, art exhibitions and read the news. We learn by sharing stories.
Learning is natural
Coercion, tricks and dishonesty are not required if you believe that humans want to learn, are capable of learning and learn constantly as a natural process.
Learning is social
We learn by talking, listening, mentoring, assisting and collaborating. We are each responsible for contributing to each other’s learning, for being candid and for sharing resources.
Great teachers make memories
Teachers are not remembered for their test-preparation or for requiring that students use all 37 vocabulary words in a sentence. Great teachers are remembered for the learning environments they create and for the projects they support.
Less us, more them
Schools are not for the benefit of adults. The more agency that can be shifted to the learner, the greater the potential exists for the construction of powerful ideas.
Less is more
It is possible to learn more by focusing on fewer topics and more connections.
School is not always the solution
Sometimes school is the problem. Teachers must be aware of the consequences of their actions.
Teaching is not about dominance and control
Master teachers treat students with respect and collegiality. They strive to reduce the level of antagonism between adults and children. They do not enact or enforce arbitrary rules. Their classrooms are models of democracy.
Things need not be as they seem
Your personal educational experience may not have been the ideal. We can do the right thing and create more productive contexts for learning. Conventional wisdom must be challenged. Miseducative educational practices must be avoided. Skepticism is prized.
Make decisions based on evidence
Your opinions or beliefs may be fascinating, but educational practices must be based on evidence or valid pre-existing theories.
The Nuremberg Defense is unacceptable
It is deeply immoral to base your actions on the excuse, “I am just following orders.”
This is 2009!
Modern educators check their email regularly, participate in online discussions, share resources and “Google” terms they do not understand. Modern educators embrace opportunities to use technology to enhance student-learning experiences.
Veteran educator Gary Stager, Ph.D. is the author of Twenty Things to Do with a Computer – Forward 50, co-author of Invent To Learn — Making, Tinkering, and Engineering in the Classroom, publisher at Constructing Modern Knowledge Press, and the founder of the Constructing Modern Knowledge summer institute. He led professional development in the world’s first 1:1 laptop schools thirty years ago and designed one of the oldest online graduate school programs. Gary is also the curator of The Seymour Papert archives at DailyPapert.com. Learn more about Gary here.